Extra-curricular activities example sports, field trips etc
Within the Curriculum, there are five areas of importance:
ACTIVITY OF EVERYDAY LIVING: These daily exercises help a child’s physical, mental, and moral development. Activity of everyday living consists of simple, clear, and concrete exercises such as hand-washing, dusting, mopping, dish-washing, rug rolling, table setting, lunch set-up, pouring, polishing, grooming, dressing, walking, sitting, carrying, etc. By mastering activity of everyday living exercises, the child gains independence.
SENSORIAL: Aristotle said, “Nothing comes to the intellect which was not the first in the senses.” Sensorial materials are the building base of all the rest of the Montessori curriculum. They educate the senses.
Using his/her hands, the child becomes an observer and through the manipulation of objects, he/she feeds the intellect. These materials help a child to isolate a particular quality contained in the material such as discrimination of shape, size, color, sound, touch, smell and taste. These materials also have indirect aims such as the development of the mathematical mind, language, muscle coordination, control of movement, and preparing the hand for writing. These materials help the child move from the concrete to the abstract level. Abstraction is never forced; it is a point the child arrives at him/herself
LANGUAGE AND LITERACY: Language development includes speaking, writing and reading. Pre-reading skills include the development of vocabulary, expression of thoughts, recognition of letters, discrimination of shapes, sequencing, moving left to right and top to bottom. Pre-writing skills include preparation of the muscles to hold a pencil, preparation of the hand to trace outlines, and the ability to control the pressure when using a pencil. Reading skills include the use of sandpaper letters, letter sounds, classified pictures, mystery words, blends and digraphs, long vowel patterns, and commercial books.
Writing skills include tracing letters, writing letters on squared, lined, and penmanship paper. Stories are read and discussions are held to increase the Childs’s verbal, vocabulary, and thinking skills.
ARITHMETIC AND NUMERACY: Maria Montessori believed that the child possesses a mathematical mind. This is based on order and perception found in the development of the senses. The child progresses from the use of concrete material to the abstraction of math concepts. Children learn about numbers, simple and complex addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exchanging, and fractions.
CULTURAL SUBJECTS: Maria Montessori believed in educating the whole child, thus there are a wide variety of materials and activities available to children including art, music, zoology, botany, geography, science, environmental studies, movement, drama and history.